Juan Carlos Salamea Molina

Red CEDIA has come a long way and has clear goals in terms of research, networks, support, and training.


Juan Carlos Salamea Molina, Professor - Researcher at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Azuay.

Tell us about your research work, which area you work in, and what the results of your research have been.

I am a doctor, specializing in general surgery and subspecialty in trauma and emergency surgery, my line of research is trauma and emergencies, from its diverse specializations, databases, prevention, promotion, training and management. As a surgeon one day-to-day tool is video-surgery, which is very dependent on technology and eye-hand coordination and ergonomics. We have been working in these fields for many years, through research projects and articles published both, locally and internationally.

As the national research and education network of Ecuador, we are very interested in knowing how your participation in the Divulga Ciencia invite went.

I heard about it through the Red CEDIA social networks and the application was easy, timely, and viable for adjudicating my proposal.

What was your proposal presented in the Divulga Ciencia invite?

With our group of researchers, we have a specialization on occupational safety and ergonomics applied to video surgery, with which we are studying the postures, movements, and bodily angles, that are used during clips for video surgery, together with the monitors, operating tables, and other equipment with which the surgeon can perform minimally invasive procedures. In this case, we relate anthropometry with the standards of organization of an operating room for video surgery, and we demonstrate that these measures are not in accordance with those of the Ecuadorian surgeon, but their designs are based on American or German anthropometric standards, which causes fatigue, muscular heat, and osteo-muscular system diseases over the course of years.

Tell us what your expectations were when you participated as a speaker at the 9th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics in Orlando - USA.

The most important thing is to show the results of our work and the research that we have been carrying out within this line of ergonomics and video surgery, to demonstrate that other factors must be taken into account, in this case the differences of anthropometry according to geographical latitude.
Being an Ecuadorian researcher, how do you see the development of research in Ecuador?
It is very difficult, I think research is still seen as a hobby and not as the major measure of knowledge or as the source of knowledge or the creation of our own future.

How do you see yourself in the next five years?

There are really many long term projects planned within the scope of my activity as a surgeon. Mainly in the area of trauma and emergencies, there are seeds that continue to grow and bear fruit, demonstrating to my colleagues and students that as Ecuadorians we can generate knowledge and that today this knowledge has more value in the globalized world.

Before your participation in the conference, had you heard about CEDIA?

Of course, I knew about CEDIA from its inception with Internet 2 and I have been working since 2014 within the telemedicine work group on trauma and emergencies.

What do you think about the organizations that support the development of research and academia in Ecuador?

I think that they provide several opportunities, general research networks, and allow inter-institutional and inter-disciplinary work that teachers should know about to motivate themselves and to seek support to develop their ideas.

Finally, could you give a message for researchers to participate in Red CEDIA invites?

The Red CEDIA has come a long way and has clear goals in terms of research, networking, support, and training. I invite teachers to become a part of CEDIA through their universities and always keep an eye on their news.